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Glycobiology

Labs associated with

Bt proteins are used to control pest insects on corn, cotton, rice, and other important crops. Many Bt proteins have been discovered and each one is toxic to a narrow group of insects. Increased use of Bt carries the risk that insects will adapt and become resistant to these valuable…

Avci Lab focuses on mechanisms of immune activation by carbohydrate antigens; design and development of knowledge-based vaccines and therapeutics against pathogens and cancers.

Darvill's research focuses on structurally characterizing the five major noncellulosic carbohydrates of plant primary cell walls homogalacturonan, rhamnogalacturonan I and II, xyloglucan, and glucuronoarabinoxylan. Plant primary cell walls control the rate and direction of cell growth that…

Short Biography:
Dr. Haltiwanger received his B.S. in Biology (1980) and Ph.D. in Biochemistry (1986) from Duke University. He went on to do postdoctoral work at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and took his first independent position as an Assistant Professor in the…

Biosynthesis and Biological Function of Pectin
What is Pectin?

The cell wall of plants is a polysaccharide and protein rich macromolecular structure that is essential for plant form and function. It is also the meeting point between the plant and its symbionts or pathogens. Pectin…

Research in the Moremen lab focuses on the structure, regulation, and localization of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis, recognition, and catabolism of mammalian glycoproteins. Carbohydrate structures on glycoproteins contribute to many biological recognition events during development,…

Dr. Orlando conducts research on using mass spectrometry (MS) to answer biological questions. He also is concerned with developing new methodologies to increase the amount of information obtained from MS experiments and to reduce the quantity of material needed for analysis. The procedures Dr.…

The primary focus of the Pierce laboratory centers on understanding the regulation of intercellular recognition and adhesion, particularly those events that involve protein-oligosaccharide interactions. Almost 20 years ago, observations were made that when vertebrate cells became oncogenically…

Research in the Prestegard laboratory focuses on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods development and application of those methods to challenging problems involving soluble proteins, membrane proteins, cell-surface carbohydrates, and carbohydrate-protein interactions. Many of these systems…

Antigenic variation in African trypanosomes

Among the parasites we currently study in the laboratory are African trypanosomes, unicellular eukaryotic protozoa that infect the bloodstream of mammals to cause sleeping sickness in equatorial Africa. Trypanosomiasis continues to be a daily…

The surfaces of all eukaryotic cells are richly endowed with a diverse array of complex glycoconjugates. Therefore, carbohydrate moieties linked to protein, lipid, and glycosaminoglycan form the interfaces at which cell-cell interactions occur. Consistent with their subcellular location and…

Functional diversity increases as you go from DNA to RNA to Proteins. The concept of one gene encodes one gene product is no longer valid. One of the principle ways that diversity is increased is through post-translational modifications of proteins.

Using a combination of methodologies,…

Research Areas

Oxygen Sensing

In addition to its role in driving oxidative metabolism, ambient O2 levels carry information of great interest to cells of both unicellular and multicellular organisms. For example, O2 regulates gene expression and modulates ion transport across…

My lab studies the relationship between protein structure and function, and specifically how enzyme activity is regulated. To do this, we use a combination of techniques, including X-ray crystallography, transient and steady state kinetic, sedimentation velocity and other biophysical tools.  …

Research in the Woods group examines the relationship between carbohydrate conformation and biological recognition. Areas of particular interest include carbohydrate antigenicity in immunological events, carbohydrate- processing enzymes, and the development of appropriate simulational methods…

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